Balintataw/Balintataw II/Radyo Balintataw

(figuratively The Thoughts’s Eye; actually Iris)

Balintataw I: / 19 Aug 1967 to Mar 1972 / 8:00-9:00 pm, Saturdays / ABC Channel 5 / Manufacturers: Cecile Guidote-AlvarezAlberto S. Florentino / Literary Supervisor and Head Author: Alberto S. Florentino / Script Guide: Mauro R. Avena / Govt Manufacturer: Olive Montecillo / Head TV Director: Lupita Concio / Performing Director: Nick Lizaso / Pool of Administrators: Lizaso, Lino BrockaJoey GosiengfiaoElwood Perez, Jose Roy Jr / Pool of Writers: Tolentino, Avena, Orlando Nadres, Pierre Salas, Tony PerezWilfrido NolledoNestor TorreNinotchka RoscaWilfredo Sanchez, Alfredo Yuson / Ground Director: Roger Velilla / Spinner: Romy Rivera / Host: Robert Arevalo

Balintataw II: / 1987–early 2000s / PTV 4 / Manufacturer: Cecile Guidote-Alvarez / Literary Managers: Isagani CruzDomingo Landicho / Administrators: Lizaso, Nadres, Jose Gruta, Maryo J. de los ReyesLupita A. KashiwaharaJose Mari Avellana / Writers: Rolando TinioLualhati BautistaLito Casaje, Henry Nabong, Dodi Anzures, Ronaldo TumbokonMars D. Cavestany JrLav Diaz, Suzette Doctolero / Hosts: Arevalo and Guidote-Alvarez

Radyo Balintataw / premiered 2007 / DZRH 666 / 11:30 pm to middle of the night, Mondays-Fridays / 6:00-6:30 pm, Sundays / Manufacturer and Host: Guidote-Alvarez

Conceded by way of many because the exemplar of Filipino drama on tv, the pre-martial regulation Balintataw was once a three way partnership of ABC-5, then owned by way of Marcos Roces, and the Philippine Tutorial Theater Affiliation (PETA), which Cecile Guidote-Alvarez based and headed at the moment. This system delivered to the mass tv target audience the most efficient in Philippine literature, particularly prize-winning brief tales, performs, and excerpts from novels tailored for TV, and unique teleplays by way of established and new writers and playwrights. It ran for a complete of 250 weeks.

The name Balintataw, proposed by way of Mauro R. Avena and extremely really useful by way of creator Clodualdo del Mundo Sr, in particular refers back to the thoughts’s eye, a “house inside of which the inventive creativeness can freely breathe, transfer, and enlarge.” Lupita Concio and Joey Gosiengfiao, who had been then at the pool of artists of Channel 5, had been concerned with PETA within the making plans and execution of this system. Concio served as this system’s first director and Gosiengfiao the display’s first level supervisor, a role that might therefore be treated by way of Jose Roy Jr, Elwood Perez, and Lino Brocka.

Avena wrote the pilot scripts of this system. The primary script he wrote was once “Ang Mananayaw” (The Dancer), an adaptation of Alberto Florentino’s one-act play The Dancers. The primary script, on the other hand, that went on air when Balintataw premiered on 19 Aug 1967 was once “Inulang Tipanan” (Rain-drenched Rendezvous), an adaptation of a tale written by way of Concio, a few middle-class younger woman, performed by way of an uninitiated in drama, socialite Chingbee Kalaw.

The weekly drama program follows a typical structure. The hole billboard that asserts the name of the display is embedded with a voice-over of Vic Silayan offering a short lived rationalization of the time period balintataw. Host Arevalo then makes his look to introduce the teleplay. Subsequent is the drama correct. The host returns on the finish to spherical up the presentation.

In contrast to its contemporaries, Balintataw was once now not star-oriented. It had no performing mainstay. Actors for each the primary and supporting roles, together with brief appearances, got here principally from theater and picture. As an example, the episode “Inanod ng Biyaya” (Swept by way of Grace), an adaptation by way of Avena of Linda Ty Casper’s brief tale “The Lifeless Smartly,” had level actor Adul de Leon. “Kabalyerong Tanso” (A Pretend Knight), an adaptation by way of Wilfrido Sanchez of a Filipino literary piece in English, had level actors Tommy Abuel and Jimmy Asencio essaying roles with revered film actors Vic Silayan and Barbara Perez. One of the crucial program’s notable performers integrated Leopoldo SalcedoMary WalterTita MuñozDindo Fernando, Tommy Abuel, Liberty Ilagan, Perla Bautista, Alicia Alonso, Anita LindaRita GomezFred Montilla, Marie Tuazon, and Eddie del Mar. All through the peak of the display’s reputation, it featured the assorted abilities of a motley team: world good looks queen Gemma Cruz-Araneta, beauteous socialites Amelia de l. a. Rama, Armida Siguion-Reyna, Elvira Manahan, and Chingbee Kalaw; ballet dancer Tina Santos; opera singers Aurelio Estanislao and Fides Cuyugan-Asensio; level thespian Jose Avelino III; critics Anthony Morli and Nestor Torre Jr; international actors Claude Wilson, Mary Vigard, and Ed Murphy; and would-be in style stars Vilma SantosTina Revilla, and Tirso Cruz III.

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Rosemarie Gil, left, Tita Muñoz, and Barbara Perez in an episode of Balintataw, 1967 (Pinoy Tv, The Tale of ABS-CBN: The Medium of Our Lives, edited by way of Thelma Sioson-San Juan. ABS-CBN Broadcasting, 1999.)

 

From the primary to the closing, the key superstar within the anthology was once the teleplay. Balintataw had a whole and sparsely thought-out script for each and every teleplay, which was once a rarity throughout the duration for each tv and picture, when scripts, if any, had been most commonly improvised at the taping day itself. Mimeographed copies of the script had been disbursed to each and every member of the manufacturing workforce. Previous to the taping consultation, the level director rehearsed the script with the solid for discussion supply, characterization, and blockading. Rehearsals had been held on the Concio place of dwelling in Los angeles Vista Subdivision.

 

Some examples of Filipino literary items tailored for Balintataw had been “Kudyapi” (Lute) written by way of Brocka in line with the fast tale “The Day the Dancers Got here” by way of Bienvenido N. Santos; “Kabalyerong Tanso” (Pretend Knight) by way of Wilfrido Sanchez, from the “Rice Wine” by way of Wilfrido D. Nolledo; “Isang Gabi ng Tagsibol” (A Night time of Spring) by way of Alberto S. Florentino, from “Would possibly Day Eve” by way of Nick Joaquin; and “Salambaw” (Fish Web) by way of Pierre Salas, from the one-act play The Signal of the Seagulls by way of Jesus T. Peralta. Different brief tales that had been featured in this system had been Nick Joaquin’s “Summer time Solstice,” “Guardia de Honor” (Mum or dad of Honor), “3 Generations,” and “Difficulties of a Diplomat;” Isabelo Crisostomo’s “Earthen Symbol,” “Mom of the Queen,” and “The Lonely Room;” Claro M. Recto’s “Shadow and Solitude;” Amador Daguio’s “Wedding ceremony Dance” and “The Girl Who Seemed Out of the Window;” Rogelio Sicat’s “Impeng Negro” (Black Impen) and “Moses, Moses;” Jose Garcia Villa’s “Valse Triste” (Unhappy Waltz) and “The Guy Who Seemed Like Rizal;” Kerima Polotan’s “Sounds of Sunday” and “The Virgin;” Gilda Cordero-Fernando’s “A Secret Growing older;” Andres Cristobal Cruz’s “The Quarrel” and “White Wall;” Erwin Castillo’s “Eire” and “The Fairy Kid;” Wilfrido Sanchez’s “Moon Underneath My Ft;” F. Sionil Jose’s “The God Stealer;” Rony Diaz’s “The President of the Tribe;” Ninotchka Rosca’s “Piniling Lipi” (Selected Race) and “Bakas ng Daliri” (Imprint of a Finger); and Joe Quirino’s “Night time Music.” A number of the performs tailored for Balintataw had been Jesus Peralta’s The Somnambulists; Marcelino Agana’s New Yorker in Tondo; Julian Balmaceda’s Dahil sa Anak (On account of the Kid); Wilfrido Nolledo’s Rice Wine and SekoyaEstrella Alfon’s Tubig (Water), Bigas (Rice), and With Patches of Many Hues; Sister Maria Angela Barrios’s Hellow…Soldier (Hi… Soldier); and Alberto Florentino’s The International is an AppleCavort with Angels, and Cadaver. More youthful writers of the duration, similar to Tony Perez and Franklin Osorio, additionally contributed memorable teleplays for Balintataw. Some unique teleplays had been Elwood Perez’s “Ina sa Lupang Malaya” (Mom in a Loose Land) and “Ang Pagdalaw ng Isang Kahapon” (The Discuss with of a The day past), and Pierre Salas’s “Ang Aguinaldo Ko ay Ikaw” (You might be my Present) and “Sought after: A Secretary.”

 

Balintataw additionally featured international literary classics. A number of the performs that it tailored to Filipino lifestyles and to the tv medium had been Paddy Chayefsky’s The Mom, Rod Serling’s Requiem for a Heavyweight, Arthur Miller’s Demise of a Salesman and All My Sons, Tennessee Williams’s A Streetcar Named Want and This Belongings is Condemned, Anton Chekov’s 3 Sisters, Eugene Ionesco’s The Bald Soprano, and Robert Anderson’s Tea and SympathyBalintataw additionally tailored for tv tales and novels of D. H. Lawrence, Ernest Hemingway, Julio Cortazar, Anatole France, W. Somerset Maugham, and O. Henry.

 

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Print commercial for Balintataw (Photograph courtesy of Simon Santos/Video 48)

 

This system explored human and social relationships via a social realist lens that contextualized the struggles and demanding situations confronted by way of the characters of the drama in concrete political stipulations of the rustic. Characters integrated the prostitute, the opposite girl, a drug pusher, an getting older actress, a Protestant missionary, a modern, a lovelorn landlady, a hard work chief, a senator, a poet, a hero, a swinger, and a socialite.

 

Balintataw presented many “firsts” in Philippine tv. One was once the primary kiss on native TV, with actor Nestor Torre kissing at the lips a theater actress from the College of the Philippines within the episode “Good-bye, My Delicate”. Maximum of its episodes concluded with an “unsatisfied finishing,” which was once unusual throughout the duration when a lot of the drama on TV was once romantic and idealist. It additionally presented topics unexplored by way of native soaps throughout the duration: the bakla or homosexual in “Duplex;” blatantly political problems in “Idolo ng Madla” (Idol of the Lots); religio-sexual topics in “Mambo Lady;” poverty, prostitution, and squatter demolition in “Oli Impan (Holy Toddler);” and social unrest, similar to the ones as a consequence of agrarian warfare in “Lagablab sa Karimlan” (Conflagration within the Twilight) and the bloodbath of farmers in “Sa Bawat Patak ng Dugo (For Each Drop of Blood).” Different social problems tackled by way of this system integrated the Intramuros of the 1800s, postwar Intramuros slums, the awful Ilocos panorama, a logging camp, indigenous peoples such because the Igorot, problems in a fishing village, delicate liaisons, the presence of US army bases within the nation and its penalties, such because the G.I. child, and lots of problems regarding social injustices.

 

Maximum of Balintataw’s tales had been tragic, the characters finishing up useless, defeated, or dehumanized. It introduced society as a jail from which the characters may just now not get away. This system, on the other hand, additionally explored different genres like situational comedy, farce, duration play, and dance drama.

 

Balintataw presented inventions in native tv manufacturing: the usage of a complete script in line with high quality subject material; the appointment of a script manager to supervise the standard of the scripts; the usage of a solid of scriptwriters as a substitute of 1 common creator and a pool of level administrators; and the usage of critical actors from theater and picture as a substitute of box-office stars. Most significantly, the drama anthology revered its target audience as pondering and discriminating folks.

 

This system went off the air in Mar 1972. Guidote-Alvarez revived this system at the executive station PTV-4 in 1987 upon her go back to the Philippines from self-exile in the USA. The post-EDSA Balintataw maintained its unique structure. It additionally went into radio in 1987, however reformatted as a cultural mag program aimed toward confronting the worldwide demanding situations of poverty and local weather alternate. Radyo Balintataw, hosted by way of Guidote-Alvarez, is aired day by day on DZRH. It options drama, poetry, song, and storytelling throughout weekdays, and interviews, reviews and commentaries on socio-political problems with center of attention on eco-cultural considerations each Sunday.

 

Balintataw and its administrators, writers, and performers received 18 Voters’ Awards for Tv (CAT) from the Voters Council for Mass Media from 1967 to 1972, together with 5 for absolute best drama anthology, plus the CAT Corridor of Status Award in 1972. The revived Balintataw gained the Gawad CCP Para sa Telebisyon in 1988 and 1991. Radyo Balintataw received the KBP Golden Dove Award for absolute best tradition and humanities program, 2008 and 2014; absolute best drama program, 2008; absolute best drama collection, 2013 and 2014; and absolute best documentary, 2012. It received absolute best drama and absolute best leisure program, each in 2014, from the Catholic Mass Media Awards.

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