The Poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko

Viktor Yushchenko and Yulia Tymoshenko

The Poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko
The Poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko

Viktor Yushchenko was once a famend beekeeper, and he beloved bees greater than he beloved energy. Born in a small Ukrainian village with the unpromising title of Horuzhivka, in japanese Sumy, a area at the Russian border, he won his secondary training. His academics remembered him as a diligent scholar, however with out management ambitions. The Woman in Kherson. After graduating from the USSR Ternopil Monetary and Economics Institute, he served within the Soviet Military and after his discharge labored on rank-and-file positions within the kholkoz collective farm machine. Yushchenko then labored in quite a lot of divisions of Ukrainian banks in Sumy and Kyiv and become a workforce member of the then Governor of the Nationwide Financial institution of Ukraine (the central financial institution), Vadym Hetman. The latter promoted Yushchenko to director, first at Agroprombank of the USSR, later at Ukraine Financial institution. In 1993, on Hetman’s advice, Yushchenko become the Nationwide Financial institution of Ukraine’s 3rd Governor since 1991.

On this place, Yushchenko controlled to push thru a number of essential reforms. He was once answerable for financial reform and the advent of the brand new nationwide forex – the hryvnia. He additionally created the State Treasury and State Mint. Being below the shut guardianship of Vadim Hetman, he infrequently made his personal choices, however he took duty for the forex reform and promised the folk that they wouldn’t be afflicted by the reform. The a success implementation of the financial reform and the advent and strengthening of the nationwide forex put Yushchenko one of the best bankers on the earth, and the Ecu Financial institution for Reconstruction and Construction nominated him as the most productive banker of the yr. Yushchenko’s recognition skyrocketed. It was once on this context that he made up our minds to take part in President Kuchma’s re-election marketing campaign (for a 2nd time period) and was once ultimately proposed via Kuchma for the publish of Top Minister of the rustic. The publish of Deputy Top Minister in Yushchenko’s govt was once taken via Yulia Tymoshenko.

Tymoshenko was once in control of gasoline and effort. On this place she pursued a coverage that displeased the President’s inside circle.29 The Donetsk politicians Mykola Azarov and Viktor Yanukovych, and Dnipropetrovsk oligarchs Medvedchuk and Surkis & Co didn’t like Tymoshenko both. It was once she who insisted on the true privatization of 3 regional power distribution corporations.30 She additionally publicly accused Naftogaz Ukrainy of stealing Russian fuel and concealing its actual money owed to Russia, which resulted in the resignation of the control of the corporate. Tymoshenko then insisted that Gasoline and Power Minister Serhiy Tulub (a consultant of the Donetsk extended family) be fired. Because of disagreements together with her, Financial system Minister Serhiy Tihipko, who was once with reference to the President’s circle of relatives extended family in Dnipro, was once pressured to renounce as smartly. Tihipko was once the inventor of a non permanent mortgage scheme below which the federal government borrowed cash from non-public banks at excessive rates of interest (as much as 70 % in keeping with annum) to pay salaries to state staff and pensions to pensioners. Tihipko was once the pinnacle of Privatbank and lobbied for its pursuits ahead of taking on a central authority publish. The ruinous (for the state) however successful (for banks) follow of non permanent loans was once stopped via Yushchenko, who balanced the state price range.

As well as, Yushchenko and Tymoshenko pressured large companies to make their empires clear, pay taxes to the state, and surrender hidden barter offers that disadvantaged the Treasury of income. Yushchenko and Tymoshenko additionally ensured that the Tax Carrier, headed via Mykola Azarov, not reported to Kuchma however was once subordinated to the Top Minister, Yushchenko. In June 2000, they offered a regulation modernizing operations within the Ukrainian power sector, which helped building up state revenues sixfold. This daring step via Yushchenko’s govt allowed the state to pay off its money owed to pensioners, scholars and state staff. On the identical time, the Place of birth faction within the Rada, managed via Yulia Tymoshenko, took an anti-Kuchma stance at the Gongadze case, blaming the President for the journalist’s demise.

Given their losses, the Donetsk and Kyiv oligarchs with reference to the President, whose pursuits had been below assault from Tymoshenko, simply satisfied Kuchma to do away with her. The primary transfer got here from the Lawyer Normal Potebenko, who opened a prison case towards her. It compromised her each as a state respectable and as an entrepreneur. Tymoshenko’s husband Oleksandr and her formative years pal Valeriy Falkovich, who was once a board member of United Power Techniques of Ukraine (UESU), an organization managed via Tymoshenko, had been arrested in August 2000. On January 5, 2001, the Lawyer Normal adopted this up with two prison circumstances towards Tymoshenko herself, and on January 19, on the advice of Potebenko, Kuchma got rid of her from the federal government.

Tymoshenko was once accused of illegally retreating from Ukraine greater than $1.1 billion thru her corporate. On February 13, she was once arrested in reference to the costs, in addition to the accusation of shifting about $80 million to the Swiss accounts of former Top Minister Pavlo Lazarenko. The switch was once performed when Lazarenko was once the Top Minister. Tymoshenko was once additionally accused of bribery and of involvement in a Russian monetary scandal on the Ministry of Protection.31


After serving for over a month and a part in Kyiv’s Lukyanivska jail, Tymoshenko was once launched on her personal recognizance and transferred from the detention heart to a clinic. In March 2001, from the clinic, she demanded President Kuchma’s resignation and declared that she would struggle for the Presidency. Seeing Tymoshenko re-emerge, Kuchma once more attempted to place her at the back of bars. The Lawyer Normal appealed towards Tymoshenko’s switch to a clinic, and a Kyiv court docket dominated that Tymoshenko must be returned to jail. Yushchenko, who had meant to satisfy his former deputy in clinic, known as the verdict a “show of muscle” and prompt the President to determine a discussion with the opposition as an alternative. Tymoshenko’s legal professionals controlled to attraction the Kyiv court docket’s determination to the Ideal Court docket of Ukraine, which overturned the decrease court docket’s determination. Upon her unlock, Tymoshenko reiterated her purpose to run for President: “If I knew of an actual chief in Ukraine who is able to give his lifestyles for the rustic… then I’m able to do my laundry at his marketing campaign headquarters. However I don’t see this workforce but. I wish to shape it myself.”


After the newsletter in November 2000 of audio recordings of President Kuchma’s conceivable involvement within the disappearance and demise of journalist Georgiy Gongadze and the start of mass protests known as “Ukraine with out Kuchma,” Kuchma’s rule become so unpopular that the motion took on a pan-Ukrainian scale. The organizers of the protests had been the chief of the scholar unrest of the Nineteen Eighties and Nineteen Nineties, Volodymyr Chemerys, and the socialist Yuriy Lutsenko. The protesters demanded the resignation of the President and his inside circle – the Inner Minister, the Head of the SBU and the Lawyer Normal, in addition to an impartial exam of the Gongadze case. Below public force, Kuchma ultimately needed to brush aside his pals.

On the identical time, any other high-profile homicide of a Ukrainian journalist happened in Donbas: Ihor Aleksandrov, director of the TOR tv corporate in Sloviansk, who was once brutally overwhelmed to demise with baseball bats at the premises of his personal tv corporate. From 2000-2001, Aleksandrov hosted a tv program known as Unvarnished that exposed the hyperlinks between Donbas arranged crime and the police and prosecutors within the area. His follow-up program was once deliberate to turn a videotape during which participants of the Kramatorsk arranged crime team “seventeenth Precinct” mentioned how a lot that they had paid or must pay their consumers in police and prosecutor’s places of work. The published was once by no means aired because of his assassination in July 2001.32


In fact, world force on Kuchma intensified. The President’s movements had been sharply criticized. Western nations now publicly declared their fortify for Yushchenko as a substitute for Kuchma. To crown all of it, on October 4, 2001, right through air protection workouts within the Crimea, a TU-154M passenger aircraft of the Russian “Siberia” airways flying from Tel-Aviv to Novosibirsk with 144 Russian and Israeli passengers and 12 crewmen on board was once shot down via a Ukrainian missile over the Black Sea. First of all Ukraine categorically denied its involvement within the crash, however world mavens proved the duty of the Ukrainian Protection Ministry. Consequently, Ukraine was once pressured to confess its connection to the tragedy and a trilateral settlement was once reached between Russia, Israel and Ukraine to pay monetary reimbursement to the households of the lifeless.

On the top of the 2001 political disaster, during which many govt ranges, together with the Presidential management and just about all of the cupboard, had been embroiled, Kuchma searched frantically for tactics to live on. US philanthropist and billionaire George Soros prompt that the Ukrainian President must step down and appoint Viktor Yushchenko, who was once supported via the West, as his successor. However the one conclusion Kuchma drew from Soros’ advice was once that, with a purpose to retain energy, he needed to double down on getting rid of all his competitors, above all Yushchenko.

The pressured departure of Yulia Tymoshenko supposed that the Yushchenko govt didn’t have a lot time left. The disagreement between the Kuchma entourage and the Top Minister moved to the Ukrainian parliament. Viktor Medvedchuk, Deputy Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada and Putin’s pal, insisted {that a} coalition govt be shaped via April 5, 2001, right through a central authority Q&A. Yushchenko known as this risk via Medvedchuk “an effective way of destabilizing the placement within the nation” and known as for a gathering with the President and the Deputy Speaker of parliament to talk about the ultimatum brought to him. Kuchma made it transparent that he supported Medvedchuk and was once in choose of a coalition govt. In flip, Yushchenko made up our minds to struggle his nook in parliament.

Talking in Parliament on April 26, right through a vote of no self belief in his govt, the Top Minister mentioned that Parliament was once following the lead of the oligarchic clans and performing as their mouthpiece. He prompt that any political movements be briefly suspended with a purpose to regularly give up energy within the nation to the folk, however stressed out that “I will be able to no longer give up politics” although “democracy in Ukraine has suffered a major setback”. Yushchenko then famously mentioned: “I will be able to go away to return again!” Day after today, April 27, Kuchma resigned, educating the federal government to accomplish its tasks till a brand new govt was once shaped. Yushchenko refused to stick on, telling the President that the location of “performing President was once no longer for him.”


Many Ukrainian and overseas analysts agreed that Yushchenko’s govt made the primary try in a decade of independence to reform the rustic’s political and financial machine.33 Previous to this, Ukraine’s elite had brought about the stagnation of no longer best financial but in addition democratic traits. Any reformist govt become a risk to the wealth of those folks.

Towards the grey mass of the faceless politicians, Yushchenko and Tymoshenko become probably the most charismatic and colourful politicians in Ukraine. For this reason Ukrainians believed in them. Yushchenko didn’t give the affect of being the rest as opposed to a mild-mannered guy. Tymoshenko, however, regarded made up our minds and brave. She was once known as “the one guy in Ukrainian politics”, paraphrasing Ukrainian author Ivan Franko’s (1856-1916) phrases about Lesya Ukrainka (1871-1913), “the one guy in Ukrainian literature”.

The Ukrainian folks, uninterested in political squabbles and clashes between the President, the federal government and parliament, all the time imagined that when a metamorphosis of this or that President, govt and even Rada, the rustic would enjoy long-hoped-for prosperity. However every time the trade simply led to a redistribution of energy, assets and cash between the brand new names and the emergence of recent political alliances between the well known gamers. Whilst the Rada voted to brush aside Yushchenko’s govt, a crowd of seven,000 supporters of the Top Minister accrued outdoor the parliament, shouting that his govt was once a reformist one who fought for the rustic and its folks. Yulia Tymoshenko mentioned that she would fortify Yushchenko’s candidacy on the subsequent Presidential Elections in 2004 and created an initiative of fifty events and organizations with a purpose to pressure a referendum (which failed).

This referendum was once to invite only one query: “Do you suppose that Leonid Kuchma must renounce, additional to articles 108 and 109 of the Charter of Ukraine, for destroying the rights and freedoms of the Ukrainian folks opposite to the rule of thumb of regulation”. Naturally, the federal government didn’t permit the referendum to happen. Then in July 2001, the undaunted Tymoshenko created the cross-party political alliance “Nationwide Salvation Discussion board” (NSF).34


In an try to thwart Tymoshenko’s political task, in past due January 2002 the Lawyer Normal’s Place of business issued a brand new warrant for her arrest and put her below space arrest. On January 29, 2002, whilst using her Mercedes to a listening to on the Court docket of Appeals, Tymoshenko had a automobile coincidence and was once hospitalized.



Parliamentary Elections of 2002



The March 31, 2002, parliamentary elections had been speedy coming near. Each Yushchenko and Tymoshenko, now ousted from energy, started getting ready via rallying numerous supporters who in reality concept that the Yushchenko-Tymoshenko tandem would transform issues for the simpler. The rustic was once readying itself for an election that may transform the political panorama and lifestyles in Ukraine.

The pre-election months had been marked via a regrouping of political forces and blocs, a few of which attempted feverishly to retain energy whilst others attempted to grasp it. In line with the brand new regulation, Ukraine created an election machine during which 50 % of deputies had been elected from celebration lists and 50 % from first-past-the-post constituencies. To go into parliament, a celebration or political bloc needed to cross the 4 % threshold. Whilst Tymoshenko created an opposition bloc below her personal title, former Top Minister Yushchenko introduced his purpose to create an opposition bloc of political events known as “Our Ukraine”.35


On the Verkhovna Rada elections of March 2002 no fewer than 62 political events (united in no fewer than 30 electoral blocks) took phase. Our Ukraine headed via Yushchenko was once the winner with 23.55 % of the votes.36 He won fortify in central and western Ukraine; the Communists – in southeastern Ukraine and Crimea;37 Tymoshenko’s bloc was once supported basically in Kyiv and Dnipropetrovsk.38 The newly elected deputies and events now shaped new factions. Twelve deputies, then again, remained impartial, which became out to be high quality within the finely balanced Rada. They might vote and not using a celebration whip for this or that invoice (proposed via other factions) and earn good-looking charges.

As is all the time the case in politics, some win and others lose. In 2002, it simply took a very long time for the mud to settle: the battle for a parliamentary majority, and in consequence for the location of Top Minister, lasted from Would possibly to December. The professional-Presidential forces took benefit of the heterogeneity of the opposition, which was once not able to broaden transparent rules of cooperation, to attract the Socialists and Communists to their aspect and shape a parliamentary majority. Having received a majority in parliament, supporters of President Kuchma cleared how you can govt energy, larger financial and political affect within the nation, revival of the outdated corrupt privatization schemes, used the chance to nominate folks they appreciated to senior govt positions and fired those that stood of their approach.



The Presidential Elections of 2004



Yushchenko misplaced, however for the primary time within the years of Ukraine’s independence, a coalition govt were shaped. Regrettably it became out to be one headed via Viktor Yanukovych, who was once within the pocket of oligarch Rinat Akhmetov and his Donetsk extended family. The opposition may best proceed its battle for additional democratization and determine a brand new approach to struggle for energy within the imminent Presidential Elections. They started getting ready lengthy ahead of the formally announcement. Nearly all of Ukrainian electorate was hoping that those elections could be a watershed within the nation’s historical past. The ruling elite learned that they might no longer win honest and democratic elections. But, that they had no purpose of giving up their profitable place.

Thus, the Constitutional Court docket, which was once managed via President Kuchma and his supporters, made up our minds that below to the brand new Charter of 1996, President Kuchma had in reality best been in energy for one time period, as he were elected for the primary time period ahead of the brand new Charter of Ukraine were followed. This supposed, the court docket dominated, that Kuchma may run for a “2nd” time period if he sought after to although he had “technically” already served two complete phrases. The federal government-controlled Ukraine’s mass media started to give an explanation for to audience and listeners the “correctness” of the Constitutional Court docket’s conclusions, and Kuchma himself was once in moderation tracking public opinion. No longer figuring out but whether or not he must run for the Presidency or no longer, he to start with supported Yushchenko’s candidacy within the media.

On the identical time Kuchma understood that in the event that they got here to energy Yushchenko, and much more so Tymoshenko, would come after him, and that he would in all probability be prosecuted for corruption, or worse, for killing Gongadze. However there was once another choice left for him: to fortify the Donetsk extended family who introduced their protégé for the Presidency – Viktor Yanukovych. For all of the disadvantages of handing energy to the Donetsk oligarchs, had one nice plus aspect: he would surely no longer wish to get started a corruption witchhunt and notice Kuchma at the back of bars.

Every other candidate, Viktor Medvedchuk (of the Kyiv oligarchs “Surkis and Co”), then Kuchma’s Leader of Team of workers, additionally promised Kuchma that if he received, he would no longer prosecute him, and assured (like Putin to Yeltsin) an untroubled life when not in energy. Each applicants didn’t have deep in style fortify, however they did have tough oligarchs at the back of them, able to struggle for his or her survival to the sour finish. In the meantime, the opposition went at the offensive, denouncing to the folk the constitutional “sleight of hand” performed via the Ideal Court docket. In any case, Kuchma declined to run within the Presidential race, wager on Yanukovych, the incumbent Top Minister, and misplaced the whole thing.

Whilst looking ahead to the placement with the incumbent President to transform clearer, an entire military of applicants (26) rushed into the election race, every one looking to persuade electorate that it was once they who may trade the lives of bizarre folks for the simpler. Ukraine had by no means observed such various applicants wishing to alleviate the struggling of its folks. The preferred ploy of the applicants was once to hide their combatants in muck, and the Presidential Elections marketing campaign of 2004 became out to be the dirtiest ever.

Nobody paid consideration to the systems of the applicants as a result of there was once no longer a lot distinction. A few of the normal monotony however two stood out: Viktor Yanukovych and Viktor Yushchenko. Totally other and dissimilar, those two applicants very quickly emerged as the primary ones within the race. Top Minister Yanukovych was once publicly supported via Putin, for whom Yanukovych, after the frustation of the 1999 Marchuk plot, was once the brand new automobile to take the reigns in Ukraine. As Russian President, Putin were consolidating his energy for 4 years via placing former intelligence officials in key govt and industry positions. He was once prepared, in spite of everything, to begin doing the similar in Ukraine, courtesy of Yanukovych’s election. The previous Donetsk governor was once additionally the most popular candidate of the Ukrainian oligarchy, particularly in fact the only in Donetsk. No longer least, Yanukovych may additionally rely at the fortify of his personal ministers.

Strangely for a Top Minister, Yanukovych had a major prison file involving each robbery and the usage of pressure. Born close to town of Yenakyivo into the circle of relatives of a locomotive engineer, Fedor Yanukovych, and a nurse, Olga Leonova, Viktor Yanukovych was once motherless at an early age and was once raised via his grandmother, Kastusya Yanukovych. After graduating with excellent grades from highschool, he labored on the native metallurgical plant whilst he additionally studied at its mining school, and later graduated from the Donetsk Polytechnic Institute. On the age of 17, he was once first sentenced to a few years in prison for taking part in a theft, and once he were given out was once sentenced to serve two extra years in any other jail for causing grievous physically hurt. Those physical-violence fees had been later dropped “for loss of corpus delicti,” as Yanukovych and his supporters identified again and again.

For greater than two decades, Yanukovych labored as a supervisor of various Donetsk enterprises, which allowed him to wreck thru to politics in spite of everything and from 1996 to 2001 he was once the Governor of the Donetsk Area. He won some extent from the School of World Regulation of the Ukrainian Academy of Overseas Business and, whilst a governor, defended his doctoral dissertation at the control of infrastructure building. Following his dissertation, Yanukovych no longer best won his doctorate but in addition the name of “Professor”. But if he wrote down this name within the electoral questionnaire, he spelled it with two letters “ff” and one “s” – “proffesor”, which was once how he was once recognized in Ukraine ever since – “Proffesor Yanukovych”.

“Large Ya” (any other nickname for Yanukovych, within the slim circle of his supporters) effectively coped along with his process – up to some extent. The federal government attempted to create a good symbol for his or her candidate thru all conceivable manner at their disposal – some no longer fully prison – deploying administrative sources, demagogy, and compromising proof towards political combatants. At the eve of the election, the Top Minister additionally made populist choices, corresponding to expanding wages and pensions, which depleted the price range and virtually imploded all of the economic system.

The opposition targeted its forces round Viktor Yushchenko, who on the time had the perfect recognition score within the nation. Tymoshenko sought after to transform President, however learned that her hour had no longer but come. She joined his “Our Ukraine” celebration, closing within the shadows of her former boss. The Ecu Union additionally made no secret of its sympathy for the opposition candidate, hoping that he would regularly unfastened Ukraine, the middle of Europe, from Russian affect. Yushchenko himself mentioned he didn’t in reality wish to transform President however would publish to the need of the electorate.

All of the polls confirmed that Yushchenko and Yanukovych led the election race and the respectable election effects introduced on October 31, 2004, confirmed a tie: Yushchenko won 39.87 % of the vote; Yanukovych, 39.32 %.39 Voter turnout was once a file excessive 75 %. Observers famous that there have been a large number of violations right through the election marketing campaign. Nobody may say how a lot those irregularities would possibly have influenced the election effects. However since not one of the applicants received greater than the 50 % required to win within the first spherical, a 2nd spherical was once scheduled for November 21.

Geographically, voter sympathies had been obviously cut up. The central and western areas of Ukraine voted for Yushchenko aside from the Transcarpathian area, the place Ruthenians and Hungarians are living. The inhabitants of those areas spoke most commonly Ukrainian and belonged to the Greek Catholic Church and the Kyiv Orthodox Church. The southeastern areas and the Republic of Crimea, the place citizens most popular to talk Russian and had been participants of the Moscow Orthodox Church, voted most commonly for Yanukovych.

The election marketing campaign for the second one spherical of balloting proved to be unheard of. All of the propaganda and administrative system of the ruling celebration, which Yanukovych represented, labored at complete capability. The state-controlled TV channels and media had been additionally running for his candidate. Each and every town in Ukraine was once plastered with Yanukovych’s portrait. In his election program, he promised to make Russian the second one state language.

Vladimir Putin himself got here to Kyiv two times to fortify the pro-Russian candidate. All of the CIS leaders (except for for Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili, who supported Yushchenko) additionally took phase in Putin’s propaganda marketing campaign to get Yanukovych elected, assuring the Ukrainian folks in their everlasting friendship and the significance of holding the commercial ties and cooperation inbuilt Soviet instances. The leitmotif of those statements was once that, if Yanukovych got here to energy, Ukraine would take its rightful position within the CIS, changing into as soon as once more a motive force within the financial and customs union of former Soviet states, and that its economic system may best live on and thrive in shut cooperation with Russia and the others.

Of specific “fear” to Ukraine’s neighbors, basically Putin’s Russia, was once the “oppressed” place of the Russian-speaking inhabitants and the placement with the infringement of the Russian language in Ukraine. Professional-Russian and Russian analysts warned Ukrainians that if Yushchenko got here to energy, Ukraine would sign up for NATO and transform financially dependent at the World Financial Fund and america

On the identical time, on Kuchma’s orders, the click was once instructed that Yushchenko’s spouse Kateryna Chumachenko was once an worker of the Central Intelligence Company and were despatched to Ukraine via america as a sleeper agent. Within the press it was once claimed that she was once “hooked up” on goal to Yushchenko, then Governor of the Nationwide Financial institution of Ukraine, and that that their first assembly at the aircraft, the place their seats had been subsequent to one another, and their next marriage had been additionally arranged via the CIA. There had by no means been a extra dramatic and crooked Presidential Elections within the historical past of Ukraine.



The poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko



Because the unauthorized recordings in President Kuchma’s place of work in 2000 had been made at the orders of Normal Marchuk (additional to the directions won from the Russian secret provider in Moscow) with a purpose to pressure Kuchma to renounce and give up energy to a pro-Russian candidate, the operation was once a failure: Kuchma didn’t renounce, in spite of an entire chain of scandals and revolutions. He remained President till the top of his constitutional time period. In 2004, then again, Putin was once no longer taking any probabilities right through his 2nd try to grasp keep watch over of Ukraine. In September Viktor Yushchenko was once poisoned.

The poisoning happened within the night of September 5, 2004, right through a dinner on the dacha of secret-service Normal Volodymyr Satsyuk,40 the place the previous Top Minister candidate Yushchenko was once assembly with the SBU management. We will forget about the reason that was once given to deceive the click each via the poisoners themselves and via Yushchenko’s political opponents41 that there was once no poisoning, simply a response of Yushchenko’s frame to the sushi he had eaten. Yushchenko was once poisoned with dioxin, a analysis made via medical doctors on the health facility Rudolfinerhaus in Vienna, the place Yushchenko was once taken on September 10.42


The Austrian medical doctors mentioned that the poison should have entered Yushchenko’s frame 5 days ahead of hospitalization, this is September 5. Yushchenko’s look had modified past reputation and his face was once disfigured. He hovered between lifestyles and demise. For approximately a month after the poisoning he was once not able to talk. In the meantime, the elections had been scheduled for October 31. And Yushchenko needed to spend a considerable a part of treasured marketing campaign time in extensive scientific remedy. Given the confusion, Yushchenko’s scores had been plummeting. Additionally, if Yushchenko had died because of poisoning, or had withdrawn his candidacy for well being causes, his pro-Russian rival Yanukovych would have remained the only real chief of the Presidential race.

The Lawyer Normal duly opened a prison investigation into Yushchenko’s poisoning. SBU Normal Satsyuk was once regarded as the primary suspect. He was once interrogated a number of instances however was once no longer charged or arrested. In spite of the interrogations and examinations, the Lawyer Normal concluded there was once no case that Yushchenko was once poisoned at dinner at Satsyuk’s position and that Satsyuk was once concerned. The overall due to this fact fled in another country and it was once no longer straight away recognized that “in another country” was once Putin’s Russia. Later, when below President Yushchenko Ukraine asked the extradition of Satsyuk, the Russian govt responded that Satsyuk had won “political asylum” in Russia and may no longer be deported.

As Yushchenko didn’t renounce or die, the marketing campaign towards him didn’t prevent. On November 21, 2004, the day of the second one spherical, any other try was once made to assassinate him and, on the identical time, Tymoshenko. On that day, town police detained two Russian voters, Muscovites, with 3 pounds of explosives of their automobile within the heart of Kyiv. The detainees had been 35-year-old Mikhail Shugai and 33-year-old Marat Moskvitin. A 2nd automobile with explosives was once parked close to the election headquarters of Yushchenko on Borychiv Tik Side road, in entrance of the place of dwelling of america Ambassador. The automobile contained an explosive software with a radio-electronic keep watch over. Shugai and Moskvitin confessed that they had been paid to homicide Yushchenko and Tymoshenko. Who precisely was once at the back of the group of this assassination try remained unknown, even though circumstantial proof pointed to the highest of the Inner Ministry below Top Minister Yanukovych.

Below Yushchenko as the brand new President, the Ukrainian media revealed a recording of a phone dialog between the Head of the Surveillance Division, Oleksiy Prilipko,43 a place previously held via Normal Pukach, and Serhiy Klyuyev, the brother of Yanukovych’s marketing campaign supervisor and previous Deputy Top Minister Andriy Klyuyev. Prilipko were Pukach’s deputy, and it was once he who had arranged the surveillance that preceded Gongadze’s abduction and homicide in 2000 (which on the time of the second one spherical of Presidential Elections in 2004 had no longer but been solved).44


The 2 officers spoke intimately in regards to the precise location the place the second one assassination assault happened. The disclosing nature of this dialog may be a very powerful to our working out who was once at the back of the fatal occasions in Kyiv on February 20, 2014. In 2004, Andriy Klyuyev was once one in every of Yanukovych’s power ministers. However his respectable name obviously belied his actual position in Top Minister Yanukovych’s entourage as there would were no reason why for Ukraine’s Head of Surveillance to talk about a covert operation of any nature – and under no circumstances referring to political combatants – with any individual tasked with fuel coverage. By way of February 2014, Klyuyev’s actual significance to Yanukovych become public. He was once then President Yanukovych’s Leader of Team of workers and probably the most tough guy in Ukraine after the President, appointed just a few weeks ahead of the occasions that may trade Ukraine’s historical past.



Klyuyev: That’s the place Yulia is, and so forth.

Prilipko: No, Yulia has her personal…


Klyuyev: And the place all of the management, is there, the place they accumulate? Neatly, nonetheless, there’s the place they accumulate for probably the most phase.

Prilipko: That’s it – on Borychiv Tik, all of the services and products in Yaroslavskaya, multi functional sq., because it had been…


Klyuyev: And that position the place the management gathers, the place is that?

Prilipko: They move to Yaroslavskaya 1/3d, he has 8a… He additionally meets there in a smaller circle, and I feel there’s a 22 there as smartly.

Klyuyev: There’s no such primary position as ours.

Prilipko: His place of work is on 8a.

Klyuyev: How a lot safety is there?

Prilipko: There are numerous guards there, there’s an American embassy close by.

Klyuyev: In all 3, sure.

Prilipko: Sure, sure.

Klyuyev: Ok. However we now have various brokers there. And the doorway is unfastened, how’s the doorway? There are an entire lot on the front, proper?!

Prilipko: Sure, sure there’s duvet there.

Klyuyev: Ok, excellent, thanks.

Prilipko: Thanks, good-bye.



There was once no 3rd assassination try that day. On the other hand, any other crime did happen. The Central Electoral Fee introduced initial result of the second one spherical of the Presidential Election, in step with which Viktor Yanukovych, the incumbent Top Minister, had received via a three % margin.45 The broadcast result of the second one spherical stunned everybody. Other people had been reminded of Joseph Stalin’s announcing that it isn’t how one votes, however how votes are counted. In Russia Vladimir Putin had adopted this sage recommendation and made positive that electoral counts all the time ended up of their choose.46


The issue with the initial balloting effects was once that, in step with go out polls, the election effects had been the complete opposite: Yushchenko had received. As well as, a large number of irregularities had been published. It became out that electorate dependent at the state – scholars, prisoners, and army team of workers – were “strongly inspired” to vote for Yanukovych. Electorate had been allowed to vote via so-called absentee ballots, and lots of energetic Yanukovych supporters traveled across the nation and had voted a number of instances. Within the japanese a part of Ukraine (particularly in Donbas), which voted most commonly for Yanukovych, there was once additionally a vital building up within the selection of electorate between the primary and the second one spherical – virtually 20 %. At some polling stations, the selection of electorate even miraculously exceeded the selection of formally registered electorate. (Those had been all strategies from the rule of thumb guide Putin had advanced to fasten his personal folks in elected positions within the years after 2000, as much as and together with assassination.)

It was once obvious that the federal government was once deceiving the electorate and had been stealing the victory from Yushchenko. This opinion was once shared via the vast majority of electorate, the opposition, and the world neighborhood. All respectable observers from world organizations (the Ecu Parliament, NATO Parliamentary Meeting, Council of Europe, OSCE, PACE) had been vocal in regards to the large-scale fraud dedicated right through the Presidential Elections in Ukraine, and their undemocratic nature and incompatibility with Ecu requirements.

Knowledge on how precisely President Kuchma and Top Minister Yanukovych’s folks falsified the effects started to transpire. The SBU had recorded the phone conversations of the conspirators and it additionally became out that balloting figures within the areas had been first despatched to Yanukovych’s headquarters, the place the knowledge was once amended, and best from there was once it despatched to the pc of the Central Electoral Fee (CEC).47 To create additional votes pushing up Yanukovych’s proportion, masses of hundreds of fraudulent ballots revealed in Russia were filed into poll containers around the nation. In phone conversations with Russian participants of the conspiracy, those faux ballots had been known as “cookies”.

Nevertheless, on November 24, the CEC introduced that, in step with the respectable electoral rely, Yanukovych had received and was once President. Putin and the KGB had succeeded. 4 years past due, Ukraine was once now finally theirs thru Yanukovych. At any fee, so it was once within the script that Putin had ready.

The publish The Poisoning of Viktor Yushchenko gave the impression first on The Information.

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Creator: Andrew Russell

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